Allgemein

Taliban And Us Agreement

The four-part agreement between the United States and the Taliban has forced the United States to withdraw most of its troops from Afghanistan, which it is doing. In exchange, the Taliban assured that Afghanistan would no longer be used as a base for attacks against the United States and its allies. It also agreed to cooperate with the Afghan government. The agreement set a tentative timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan, preventing the Taliban from using international jihadist groups such as Al Qaeda to attack the United States or its allies. On February 29, 2020, the United States and the Taliban signed a peace agreement in Doha, Qatar, after more than 18 years of conflict. The agreement contained four main provisions (State Department, 29 February 2020): third, the Taliban and the Afghan government face internal challenges that threaten their cohesion and credibility. The Afghan government is fragile. She was involved internally on Mr. Ghani`s adoption of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban (in which the Afghan government did not participate) and in negotiations on the controversial outcome of the September 2019 Afghan presidential election. The elections led to months of wists over the results, leading to the termination of Mr. Ghani`s and Abdullah`s presidential oath in March 2020.

While the power-sharing agreement reached by Ghani and Abdullah in May 2020 allows Abdullah to lead the High Council for National Reconciliation and appoint half of the Afghan government`s Cabinet members, tensions between Ghani and Abdullah and their respective political camps remain high. Further breakdowns in their relations would threaten the Afghan government`s ability to present a unified front in negotiations with the Taliban. Beyond political tensions at the highest level, the Afghan government is also plagued by a high level of corruption and a strained ability to exercise control outside Kabul and some other major cities. Powerful civil servants, warlords and politicians representing Afghanistan`s largest ethnic minorities can challenge any deal the government is trying to reach with the Taliban. That is why the Afghan government was not a party to the agreement between the United States and the Taliban. Instead, the February 2020 agreement only committed the Taliban to negotiate directly with the Afghans. Despite the peace agreement between the United States and the Taliban, insurgent attacks on Afghan security forces have reportedly intensified in the country. In the 45 days following the agreement (between March 1 and April 15, 2020), the Taliban carried out more than 4,500 attacks in Afghanistan, an increase of more than 70% over the same period last year.

[108] More than 900 Afghan security forces were killed during this period, compared to about 520 in the same period the previous year. Meanwhile, as a result of the agreement, the number of offensives and airstrikes by Afghan and U.S. forces against the Taliban has decreased significantly, from about 1,660 in the same period last year. Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said that while the Taliban had stopped carrying out attacks against U.S.-led coalition forces in Afghanistan, the violence was still „unacceptable“ and „not conducive to a diplomatic solution.“ He added: „We have continued to carry out defensive attacks to defend our partners in the region, and we will continue to do so.“ [108] The agreement, officially titled the „Agreement for Peace in Afghanistan,“ is just over three pages long and is written in three languages; Dari, Pashtu and English. It consists of two parts; The Taliban agree that „Afghan soil is not used against the security of the United States and its allies“ and the United States accepts the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Afghanistan. The signing of the agreement was achieved by a seven-day „reduction of violence,“ a term used instead of a „ceasefire,“ a term the Taliban rejected, in part because a „ceasefire“ suggested an end to hostilities to which the Taliban were unwilling to engage.