A collective agreement is a written contract between an employer and a union representing workers. The KBA is the result of a broad negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours and terms of employment. The right to collective bargaining is recognized by international human rights conventions. Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights describes the ability to organize fundamental human rights unions.  Point 2 (a) of the International Labour Organization`s statement on fundamental principles and rights in the workplace defines „freedom of association and effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining“ as an essential worker`s right.  The 1948 Convention on Freedom of Association and the Protection of the Right to Organization (C087) and several other conventions protect collective bargaining in particular by creating international labour standards that deter countries from violating workers` right to co-association and collective bargaining.  Answer: Collective bargaining must be voluntary, free and in good faith. The parties are free to negotiate and there should be no interference by the authorities in their decisions to do so. The principle of good faith implies that the parties do everything in their power to reach an agreement, conduct genuine and constructive negotiations, avoid unwarranted delays in negotiations, respect agreements reached and implemented in good faith, and allow sufficient time to discuss and resolve collective disputes. In the case of multinational companies, these companies should not threaten to relocate all or part of an operational unit of the country concerned in order to unduly influence the negotiations.
All of the agreements mentioned above provide for this. B conditions and redundancies for employment contracts, working time, minimum wage, leave pay and sick pay, etc. As has already been said, these agreements are often supplemented by local collective agreements. In 1931, the Supreme Court was appointed in the Texas – N.O.R. Co. Brotherhood of Railway Clerks case, upholding the prohibition of employer intervention in the selection of negotiators.  In 1962, President Kennedy signed an executive order that gives public employee unions the right to bargain collectively with federal authorities.  Collective bargaining can only work effectively if it is conducted freely and in good faith by all parties. This implies that the collective bargaining process also covers the pre-negotiation phase itself – exchange of information, consultation, joint evaluations – and the implementation of collective agreements.
In Finland, collective agreements are of general application.